What is Civil Engineering ? – Course, Career and Job Opportunities

This is civil engineering photo

If you regular visitor of you site then you may know, our site provide complete and authentic information about course, careers opportunities, scope of curse, course comparison and many more. Similarly in this post you may explore about what is civil engineering, Scope of civil engineering, career opportunities, specialization and much more.

What is Civil Engineering?

Civil Engineering is oldest and most popular engineering discipline. Which was introduced when people first started living in permanent settlements start sharping their surrounding to suit their needs. This engineering is the improvement of civil society with physics principal and scientific knowledge. Civil engineering is everything you can seen that is build around us. This focus on design, analysis of feasibility, estimation of cost and construction of public works including building, dams, hydro powers, roads, bridge, and many other infrastructure projects. At beginning engineers built roads, walls, bridges, dams and levees. After they dug wells, irrigation ditches and trenches. When large groups of peoples started living together in in cities and town areas, then they needed reliable sources of clean water, network of streets and roadways for trade and commerce, the means to dispose of waste, and way to defend themselves against hostile neighbors.

Civil Engineering can be on smaller scale like design and development of individual roads or building to huge scale such as development of water supply network, or nationwide transport system hydro power and many more. Under the remit of civil engineering, all aspects of building a structure fall. This may cover, analysis, designing, cost estimations, surveying and construction management. But often careers of civil engineering encompass a combination of all these elements. Civil Engineering is the industry that perpetually adapts to the desires and demands of society, which is the greatest thing about civil engineering in real world. Also Nowadays civil engineering helps to address issues of pollution and scarce water supplies.

What do Civil Engineering Courses Include?

Undergraduate course of civil engineering will three or four years in time period and will feature a mixture of lab works and lectures. Students who join undergraduate engineering course will have opportunity to participate in filed trips and complete industry placements.

At undergraduate level, civil engineering course deals with haw to apply scientific and mathematical knowledge to real life situations and problems. This engineering is the combination of many scientific specialisms including, hydraulics, mechanics, geotechnics, statistical analysis and material science. In additionally, they need to learn and develop design skills, particularly computer aided design. In this course, students must complete own design project.

Specializations Of Civil Engineering

As we know engineering field has numerous branches and sub-branches. Thus Civil engineering has also many branches. Some of the most popular specializations of Civil engineering are listed below:

Structural Engineering
Simply, Structural engineering focus on structures. This may include dams, hospitals, schools, theaters, bridges, houses and machinery and vehicles also. Structural engineers need to work with varieties of materials including strain, stress distributions, effects of external and internal forces and strategies for rehabilitating existing structures.
Architectural Engineering
Sometimes, architectural engineering and structural engineering may carry same meaning. But generally, structural engineering is more focus on details and systems. Although, a good architectural engineers may also a good structural engineer.
Transportation Engineering
This engineering deals with the design of infrastructure to support travel by air, on land or at sea. Transportation engineering concerned with the planning and improvements of railway system, roads, airports and runways, ports and harbors.
Geotechnical Engineering
Geotechnical Engineering concerned basically rock and soil. These engineers may be employed in petroleum sectors or in mining. They also involve in structural engineering projects to give advice on foundation.
Environmental Engineering
Environmental engineering concerned with developing strategies to reduce harm to the environment or prevent from harm. This course may include earthquake engineering, coastal engineering and environmental management. The main key of this engineering is to address the air and water pollution as well as disposal of waste materials.
Hydraulic Engineering
This engineering deals with the control of large bodies of liquid, including hydro power, flood and storm barriers, cooling facilities, irrigation and sewage system.

What Do Civil Engineers Do?

Different types of engineers work in different working field ( which you can explore in our guide What do engineers Do). Similarly, Graduates from Civil Engineering may work in varieties of filed including, planning, design, constructions, research and education which can be explain as following :

  • Civil Engineers analyze long range, maps, survey reports and other important data which is need to plan and design the projects.
  • They estimate the construction cost, potential environmental hazards, government regulations and many other risk analysis stage of the project.
  • Make the permit application and documents and submit to local, state and federal agencies.
  • Study of soil test and analyze to determine the strength of foundation.
  • They do research on build materials such as steel, woods, concrete, and analyze for use in particular project.
  • Estimate the equipment, materials, labors to analyze the project’s economic feasibility.
  • Work in maintenance, repair and replacements of public and private infrastructure.

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